The United States continues to lead other
donor countries in providing development assistance, giving
more than $19 billion in 2004, informed State Department
spokesman Richard Boucher.
The 2004 aid amount was double the amount
the United States committed in 2000, Boucher said in an
April 11 statement to the press.
Official development assistance (ODA) from
the United States is 24 percent of world official aid contributions,
Boucher spoke following the release of a
report from the Organization
for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) on world
levels of ODA. (See related USINFO article Official
Aid to Developing Countries Rose 4.6 Percent in 2004)
The amount of U.S. aid is projected to rise
further in 2005, due to contributions to countries affected
by the December 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami disaster and because
the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) will begin to
expend its funds.
The MCC administers the Millennium Challenge
Account (MCA), which targets aid to countries that have
demonstrated a commitment to making economic and social
According to the report
"fifteen of the twenty-two DAC member countries reported
increased ODA in 2004. The United States remained the largest
aid donor in volume terms, followed by Japan, France, the
United Kingdom and Germany."
Following is State Department spokesman
Richard Boucher's April 11 briefing to the press:
MR. BOUCHER: Good afternoon, ladies and
gentlemen. It's a pleasure to be here. If I can, I'd like
to call your attention to one report being issued, or issued
already today, in Paris. That is the OECD, the Organization
for Economic Cooperation and Development's announcement
of the official summary of development assistance for the
year 2004. This report, I think, highlights some of the
things that we've talked about here before and that the
United States has been trying to make clear on in terms
of international assistance to the developing world.
We are pleased to see that official development
assistance in 2004 rose to its highest level ever, surpassing
$78.6 billion. The aggregate increase there is 4.6 percent.
Once again, the United States is leading the major donor
countries, with an increase of 14.1 percent in our official
development assistance, to more than $19 billion. That means,
as we've said before, that since the year 2000 the United
States has nearly doubled its aid to the developing world.
This also represents a early fulfillment of the -- twice
the commitment, sorry -- made by the Monterrey Financing
-- made by -- made at the Monterrey Financing for Development
Conference by President Bush in 2003.
I'd point out a number of other ways to
look at this. Official development assistance from the United
States constitutes 24 percent of such assistance in the
world. That's the highest share it's been in nearly 20 years.
We know these levels are due to rise against significantly
in the year 2005 because of the funds we have contributed
to tsunami disaster relief and reconstruction and because
the Millennium Challenge Account expenditures will be kicking
I'd also note this is not part of their
official numbers, but that over 50 percent of the funding
from the U.S. Agency for International Development in 2003
and 2004 is going to predominantly Muslim nations; that
is, countries where 50 percent or more of the population
So I think as we've talked about before
here, the United States has a good record on development
assistance. We also strive to make sure that our money is
spent effectively in helping to galvanize development, galvanize
opportunity and galvanize other funds from the private sector
and elsewhere; and this report, I think, demonstrates the
United States has been and remains a leader in official
development assistance overseas.