President Bush expressed his confidence
that the Iraqi people will succeed in their efforts to establish
“a democratic and peaceful Iraq that represents all
President George W. Bush and Iraqi Prime Minister
Ibrahim al-Jafari hold a press conference on Friday,
June 24 at the White House. Bush expresses his
confidence that the Iraqi people will succeed
in their efforts to establish "a democratic and
peaceful Iraq that represents all Iraqis." (ŠAP/WWP)
Speaking June 24 with visiting Iraqi Prime
Minister Ibrahim al-Jafari at the White House, Bush said,
“I'm confident the Iraqi people will continue to defy
the skeptics as they assume greater responsibility for their
security and build a new Iraq that represents their diversity.”
“We're optimistic that more and more
Iraqi troops are becoming better trained to fight the terrorists.
We're optimistic about the constitutional process. There
is a political track that's moving forward in parallel with
the security track,” Bush said.
The president praised the Iraqi people for
defying “the car bombers and assassins” to hold
their “first free elections in a half century”
seven months after resuming their sovereignty, as well as
forming a transitional government in April and including
a larger number of the Sunni minority in the committee to
draft Iraq’s constitution.
The president said insurgents and others
committing violent acts against Iraqi civilians, security
forces and multinational forces “will not succeed”
in their goal to “drive us out of Iraq before the
Iraqis have established a secure democratic government.”
“[T]hey try to kill, and they do kill
innocent Iraqi people, women and children, because they
know … that it bothers people to see death. And it
does. It bothers me. It bothers American citizens. It bothers
Iraqis,” Bush said.
The president refused to set a timetable
for the withdrawal of U.S. forces from the country, saying,
“if you have a timetable, you're conceding too much
to the enemy.”
“[Y]ou don't have to worry, Mr. Prime
Minister, about timetables,” Bush told al-Jafari.
The Iraqi leader thanked the president and
the American people for their support, saying, “You
have given us something more than money; you have given
us a lot of your sons, your children that were killed beside
our own children in Iraq.”
This, he said, “is more precious than
any other kind of support we receive, [and] you have to
be proud before your own people that you presented us for
the maintenance of democracy in Iraq, and to remove the
Al-Jafari said that the Iraqi people’s
success “is your own success,” and said, “We
do not forget those who served us beside us at hard times.”
The prime minister also called upon other
countries to help Iraq’s economy and security.
“[T]he Iraqi people had a specific
request, which is toppling down Saddam Hussein for reasons
relating to their dignity and their … politics,”
he said, adding “Right now we have another danger,
which is terrorism.”
The fight against terrorism is one “to
keep the human dignity and civilization” and requires
“that we all act together,” he continued. “
It's not only the duty of Iraqi people but other countries
Al-Jafari also expressed his appreciation
to Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice for her “great
role” in the International Conference on Iraq that
concluded in Brussels, Belgium, June 23.
He said Iraqi women are increasingly participating
in their country’s future, with 30 percent having
participated in recent elections, and six women ministers
in the transitional government. The prime minister said
he also intends to add another woman to the government to
serve as his deputy.
Al-Jafari expressed confidence that Iraq’s
constitution will be written and approved by the Iraqi people,
and that the success of the political process will undermine
“I see from up close what's happening
in Iraq, and I know we are making steady and substantial
progress,” he said. “People said Saddam [Hussein]
would not fall, and he did. They say the election would
not happen, and they did. They say the constitution will
not be written, but it will. And the political process,
as well, … including the Sunni Arabs, will further
undermine the terrorists,” al-Jafari said.
Following is the transcript of remarks by
the president and the prime minister:
THE WHITE HOUSE
Office of the Press Secretary
June 24, 2005
REMARKS BY THE PRESIDENT
AND REPUBLIC OF IRAQ PRIME MINISTER JAAFARI
IN JOINT PRESS AVAILABILITY
The East Room
11:31 A.M. EDT
THE PRESIDENT: Thank you very much. Mr.
Prime Minister, I am honored to welcome you to the White
House. As the leader of Iraq's first democratically elected
government in more than 50 years, you are helping to lift
your country from decades of fear and oppression.
The Prime Minister is a great Iraqi patriot,
he's a friend of liberty, he's a strong partner for peace
and freedom. For more than two decades, he served the cause
of Iraqi freedom in exile as a fierce opponent of Saddam
Hussein's tyranny. Today this medical doctor now serves
his people as he works to build a new Iraq.
I told the Prime Minister that the American
people share his democratic vision for Iraq. I told him
of our nation's deep and abiding respect for Islam, for
the people of Iraq, and for the potential of the nation
that now belongs to them.
Today we meet at a critical moment in the
history of this proud nation. In just a few days, we will
mark the first anniversary of the return of Iraq to its
people. In the year since then, the Iraqis can take credit
from [sic] some extraordinary achievements in the face of
Seven months after resuming sovereignty
over their nation, the Iraqi people defied the car bombers
and assassins to hold their first free elections in a half
century. In April, the newly elected Transitional National
Assembly formed a government and appointed Dr. Jaafari as
the Prime Minister. This month, after a spirited debate,
the Iraqis reached an agreement to expand their constitutional
drafting committee to include more Sunni Arabs, so that
this important community also has a strong voice in shaping
the future of their country.
The Prime Minister and I discussed the important
work the Iraqis have before them in the months ahead. This
work includes drafting a permanent constitution for a free
Iraq, submitting it to the Iraqi people for approval, and
then holding new elections to choose a constitutional government.
These are monumental tasks -- yet at every step of the way
so far, the Iraqi people have met their strategic objectives
-- and the terrorists have failed to stop them. I commend
Prime Minister Jaafari and his fellow Iraqis for their hard
work and courage. And I'm confident that the Iraqi people
will continue to defy the skeptics as they assume greater
responsibility for their security and build a new Iraq that
represents their diversity.
The way ahead is not going to be easy. The
killings and roadside bombings that we see underscore that
freedom in Iraq is opposed by a violent and ruthless enemy
with no regard for human life. The enemy includes former
members of Saddam Hussein's regime, the enemy includes criminal
elements, and the enemy includes foreign terrorists. The
terrorists are fighting in Iraq because they know a free
Iraq in the heart of the Middle East will deal a severe
blow to an ideology that lives on oppression and fear. By
securing Iraqi democracy, we will make America and our friends
and allies around the world safer.
The enemy's goal is to drive us out of Iraq
before the Iraqis have established a secure, democratic
government. They will not succeed. Our goal is clear: a
democratic and peaceful Iraq that represents all Iraqis.
Our troops will continue to train Iraqi security forces
so these forces can defend their country and to protect
their people from terror. And as Iraqis become more capable
in defending their nation, our troops will eventually return
home with the honor they have earned.
As the Iraqi people stand up for their freedom,
they know that the free world is now standing with them.
Earlier this week, more than 80 countries and international
organizations came together in Brussels to discuss how to
help Iraq provide for its security and rebuild its country.
And next month, donor countries will meet in Jordan to discuss
I appreciate Prime Minister Jaafari's brave
leadership. Prime Minister Jaafari is a bold man. I've enjoyed
my discussions with the Prime Minister. He is a frank, open
who is willing to tell me what's on his
mind. And what is on his mind is peace and security for
the people of Iraq, and what is on his mind is a democratic
future that is hopeful.
I want to thank you for your courage. I
want to thank you for your understanding about the nature
of free societies. I want to thank you for helping Iraq
become a beacon of freedom.
Prime Minister Jaafari's visit comes at
an important time. I want to thank you for coming.
PRIME MINISTER JAAFARI: Thank you very much.
PRESIDENT BUSH: Welcome.
PRIME MINISTER JAAFARI: Thank you very much.
I want to thank the United States people for their courage
and commitment against terrorism, and for democracy in our
I visited hospital in the past month in
Turkey, Muthanna, and yesterday in Washington, D.C. There
were Iraqis and American; they had suffered side by side;
and they were on a common enemy -- terrorism. They were
fighting for the security of Iraq, but also of American.
This is not the time to fall back -- to fall back. We owe
to those who have made sacrifices to continue toward the
goals they fought.
I see from up close what's happening in
Iraq, and I know we are making steady and substantial progress.
People said Saddam would not fall, and he did. They say
the election would not happen, and they did. They say the
constitution will not be written, but it will. And the political
process, as well, and thousand tanks, including the Sunni
Arabs, will further undermine the terrorists. They have
joined the parliamentary committee and the government, and
they will take part in the next elections.
(As translated.) Another time I would like
to thank and commend Mr. President for his hospitality and
his receiving me here, and for the subjects we discussed
together. And also he was frank and transparent and he gave
me very good feelings towards the people in Iraq. I would
also like to thank the American people for standing beside
the Iraqi people, going through these difficult times. No
doubt our people will never forget those who stand beside
Iraq, particularly at these terrible times. We do appreciate
the assistance given by America during the present period
of time in particular. There is a great achievement in Iraq,
there is democracy in Iraq, and the people in Iraq defied
terrorism and they refused to accept any constitutional
There is about 30 percent of women participating,
and this is an example of democracy in Iraq and in the region,
even in the whole world. There are six minister ladies in
my government, and it is my intention to add one more woman
to be deputy to the Prime Minister.
In the new Iraq, there is progress on more
than one aspect, even though, again, it's all the challenges
we have, particularly in security. Even though there is
a lot of infiltration from the countries adjacent to Iraq,
moving from inside Iraq itself, but there is a will in Iraq
to secure security. And so the bombing in Iraq has been
reduced a lot. And we are making great progress, and we
depend on our security forces, multi-national forces also
who work with us support us, but the responsibility in the
front line is for the Iraqis and everything is making progress
quantitatively and qualitatively.
We want to secure love instead of hatred
in our country, coexistence and cooperation in Iraq instead
of cursing each other. The whole people of Iraq would like
to continue the democracy in Iraq and they will fight for
achieving it. So many people said that democracy will never
stand in Iraq, said that elections will never be held in
Iraq, and they said also that the government will never
be established in Iraq, and they said there would be no
constitution -- but everything will be there and the whole
world will see that changes in Iraq happen because of the
great will of the people of Iraq and the countries that
are assisting us.
We want fraternal relations with all the
countries of the world and the adjacent countries keeping
our sovereignty against all infiltration from the borders
of Iraq. We want goodness for all countries of the world
and wish you all the best for the American people. Thank
you, very much. Thank you, very much.
PRESIDENT BUSH: Thank you, Mr. Prime Minister.
What we'll do now is we'll ask a question -- answer a question
from the American side and then one from the Iraqi side.
Thank you, we'll be there in a minute. And then -- we'll
have two a side, in other words.
I will start with Kelly O'Donnell.
QUESTION: Thank you, Mr. President. On Iraq,
sir, the Vice President has described the conditions there,
regarding the insurgency as being in its last throes. General
Abizaid said there has been no significant change over the
last six months. Your spokesman said you agreed with the
Vice President's assessment. Can you help the American people
understand these two different views that are coming forward
-- one from the administration, one from top commanders
-- when your spokesman tells us every day you get your information
directly from those top commanders?
PRESIDENT BUSH: I do get briefed by our
top commanders, as does the Vice President. As a matter
of fact, about two hours ago, General Abizaid briefed the
Vice President and myself and the Secretary of Defense about
what is taking place on the ground. And there's no question
there's an enemy that still wants to shake our will and
get us to leave. And they're willing to use any means necessary.
They try to kill -- and they do kill innocent Iraqi people,
women and children, because they know that they're -- the
carnage that they wreak will be on TV. And they know that
they are -- they know that it bothers people to see death
-- and it does, it bothers me, it bothers American citizens,
it bothers Iraqis. They're trying to shake our will. That's
what they're trying to do. And so of course we understand
the nature of that enemy.
We also understand that there is reason
to be optimist -- optimistic about what's taking place.
The very same commanders that say that these folks are terrible
killers are also reminding us that we're making good progress.
On the one hand, you just heard the Prime Minister talk
about a new democracy. Remember, the killers tried to intimidate
everybody so that they wouldn't vote. That was their tactic.
If you look back at the history of our involvement in Iraq,
there was a lot of bombings and killings prior to the elections.
What they were trying to do is say, let's shake the will
of not only the Americans, but the Iraqi citizens. And --
but nevertheless, the Iraqi citizens wouldn't have their
So we're optimistic. We're optimistic that
more and more Iraqi troops are becoming better trained to
fight the terrorists. We're optimistic about the constitutional
process. There is a political track that's moving forward
in parallel with the security track. No question about --
it's difficult. I mean, we hear it every day, of course.
So do you, you report it every day. It's tough work. And
it's hard. The hardest part of my job is to comfort the
family members who have lost a loved one, which I intend
to do when I go down to North Carolina on Tuesday.
But nevertheless, progress is being made,
and the defeat of the enemy -- and they will be defeated
-- will be accelerated by the progress on the ground in
Iraq that -- the establishment of a democratic state that
listens to the hopes and aspirations of all the people in
Iraq will lead to the defeat of this enemy. And so that's
what this administration believes, and we firmly believe
it is going to happen.
Would you like to call on somebody from
the Iraq press?
PRIME MINISTER JAAFARI: Yes, yes.
PRESIDENT BUSH: Who would you like to call
on? Better pick one.
Q: My first question is, Mr. Bush, we heard
here that there are members of the Congress and the Senate,
they are asking for a schedule for withdrawing your troops
from Iraq. Have you discussed this with the government of
Iraq or will it be left to the government to decide?
Mr. Jaafari, it was said in the streets
of Iraq that the administration of America is pressurizing
your government through the visit of Ms. Rice in Iraq. Is
there a reaction to that with President Bush?
PRESIDENT BUSH: Thank you. You've picked
up a good American trick, which is to ask two questions.
(Laughter.) Congratulations. There's not going to be any
timetables. I mean, I've told this to the Prime Minister.
We are there to complete a mission, and it's an important
mission. A democratic Iraq is in the interest of the United
States of America, and it's in the interest of laying the
foundation for peace. And if that's the mission, then why
would you -- why would you say to the enemy, you know, here's
a timetable, just go ahead and wait us out? It doesn't make
any sense to have a timetable. You know, if you give a timetable,
you're -- you're conceding too much to the enemy.
This is an enemy that will be defeated.
And it's -- so I'm not exactly sure who made that proposition,
but I would -- you don't have to worry, Mr. Prime Minister,
about timetables. And we want to work with you to continue
to build up the Iraqi forces. See, success will happen in
Iraq when the political process moves forward, like it is.
Again, I remind you all, maybe four months -- anyway, the
beginning of the winter, there was a lot of people here
in the country that never thought the elections would go
forward. They thought the enemy had the upper hand because
of the death and destruction that we saw on our TV screens.
They said, well, can't possibly be elections. The Iraqi
people don't want to be free. And, you know, these killers
are going to stop the elections. And sure enough, over 8
million people voted because they do want to be free. And
so success will occur as this political process continues
to move forward. And we spent time talking about making
sure that Sunnis were a part of the process. And I appreciate
the Prime Minister's attitude.
We made sure we talked about making sure
that people's points of view are represented, making sure
that we stay on -- the only timetable that I think is going
to -- that I know is out there is the timetable that says
let's have the constitution written by a certain date, and
let's have it ratified by a certain date, and let's have
the election by a certain date. That's the timetable. And
we're going to stay on that timetable. And it's important
for the Iraqi people to know we are.
And the second track is to have Iraqis take
the fight to the enemy. And we're slowly but surely getting
this training completed. And so we spent time today not
only hearing about the conditions on the ground and the
nature of the enemy from Generals Abizaid and General Casey,
but we also talked about progress in the training mission.
And we are making good progress when it comes training Iraqis.
One of the interesting statistics as to whether or not the
Iraqis want to join the fight is whether or not they're
able to recruit Iraqis to join the army. And recruitment
is high. In other words, Iraqis do want to be a part of
And so part of the coalition's job is to
give these Iraqi units the training necessary to be able
to fight the terrorists. That's our strategy. And it is
working and it is going to work, for the good of the country.
Now, he asked you a question, and it's a
very intelligent --
PRIME MINISTER JAAFARI: As for the second
question on the visit of Ms. Rice, Condoleezza Rice to Iraq,
the general impression of that visit was a general review
for the situation there. It was a time for us that so that
-- that gave support at Bruxelles, and I think they played
a great role that the greater opportunity for the Iraqis
as a big party. And as for the program and the ministers
who attended, they all spoke in the interests of Iraq, and
we thanked her very much for the efforts she made. And I
spoke about the preparation for her and what she can present
us of services to Iraq. And I believe she played a great
role and will play a great role in Bruxelles, and I hope
the recommendations will reflect on the donor countries
so that we get the interest to the Iraqi people, particularly
for the services. Thank you.
Q: Thank you, Mr. President. Declining public
support for the mission in Iraq and the lack of progress
on some of your domestic priorities has prompted suggestions
that you're in something of a second term slump. Do you
PRESIDENT BUSH: A quagmire, perhaps. (Laughter.)
Q: You can choose the word, sir. Do you
worry at all about losing some of your ability to drive
the agenda, both internationally and domestically?
And Mr. Prime Minister, if I may, does the
decline in American support for the mission in Iraq have
any impact on your government and the people of your country?
PRESIDENT BUSH: No, I appreciate the polls,
the question about the polls. Look, this is a time of testing.
And it's a critical time. We're asking Congress to do --
to take on some big tasks domestically. I fully understood
when I went into the Social Security debate that there would
be a lot of people that wished we hadn't have brought it
up. I knew that. I mean, after all, there are some who,
in Congress, that would rather not take on the tough issue,
make -- they're afraid if you take on a tough issue, it
will make it harder to get reelected.
And so I'm not surprised that there is a,
kind of a reaction, the do-nothing reaction in Congress
toward Social Security, and I'm not surprised the American
people are saying, I wonder why nothing is getting done.
You know, they see a problem and they're wondering why people
won't step up and solve the problem. So I'm not surprised
about -- that there's a -- people are balking at doing big
things. I do think we'll get an energy bill that will be
good, and show the American people finally we're willing
to put an energy strategy in law that will help us conserve
more and diversify away from hydrocarbons and develop technologies
that will enable us to burn coal cleanly, for example.
Overseas, the idea of helping a country
that had been devastated by a tyrant become a democracy
is also a difficult chore, and it's hard work, particularly
since there's an enemy that is willing to use suicide bombers
to kill. It's hard to stop suicide bombers, and it's hard
to stop these people that, in many cases, are being smuggled
into Iraq from outside Iraq. It's hard to stop them. And
yet they're able to do incredible damage. They're damaging
not only -- you know, they're obviously killing Americans,
but they're killing a lot more Iraqis. And their whole attempt
is to frighten the people of both our countries. That's
what they're trying to do.
In other words, they figure if they can
shake our will and affect public opinion, then politicians
will give up on the mission. I'm not giving up on the mission.
We're doing the right thing, which is to set the foundation
for peace and freedom. And I understand why the al Qaeda
network, for example, is to terrified about democracy, because
democracy is the opposite of what they believe. Their ideology
is one of oppression and hate. Democracy is one that lifts
up people and is based upon hope.
I think I said at this press conference
here in the East Room, you know, it's like -- following
polls is like a dog chasing his tail. I'm not sure how that
translates. But my job is to set an agenda and to lead toward
that agenda. And we're laying the foundation for peace around
Iraq is a part of the agenda. There's going
to be -- there were elections in Lebanon. We hope Egypt
has free and open elections. My dream is that there be a
Palestinian state living side by side in peace with Iraq.
I noticed our former ambassador to Afghanistan is with us,
who is now going to be the ambassador to Iraq. Afghanistan
is a hopeful story. It's still difficult because, again,
there are terrorists there associated with this -- the likes
of -- or are a part of the al Qaeda network that is interested
in stopping the advance of democracy because democracy is
-- will be a part of their defeat and demise.
PRIME MINISTER JAAFARI: Thank you very much.
As for the question on the reduction of support, Iraq's
-- the Iraqi people had a specific request which is toppling
down Saddam Hussein for reasons relating to their dignity
and their policy -- their politics. And after Saddam Hussein
was removed, through the different efforts of international
efforts and Iraqis, this was achieved. Right now we have
another danger, which is terrorism, which is against not
only the Iraqi people but all the world of the country --
of the world, and at any time, doesn't have any particular
land, but it works everywhere. Geography of terrorism is
the human beings, themselves. And those people who are doing
it are the enemies of humanity.
Once they do it in Washington, once in Spain,
once in Iraq, so fighting the terrorism, and limiting their
impact and in order to keep the human dignity and civilization
requires that we all act together. It's not only the duty
of Iraqi people but other countries, as well. As you know,
Iraq is rich in oil, in water, in cultivation, as strategy
and (inaudible), and also -- but because of the exception
of circumstances of Iraq, now it has become a poor country,
so we have to have the impact and the support from other
The success of our Iraqi people is your
own success. The people of Iraq is civilized. I look forward
to support from all other countries of the world. You have
given us something more than money -- you have given us
a lot of your sons, your children that were killed beside
our own children in Iraq. Of course this is more precious
than any other kind of support we receive. You have to be
proud before your own people that you presented us for the
maintenance of democracy in Iraq and to remove the dictatorship.
We do not forget those who stood beside us at hard times,
and they are decided to go forward. And there is a lot of
difference between one month and another, between one week
and another. Iraqi people are insistent on going along the
path for their economy and their security, but we do need
the help of other countries who will help us, to stand beside
PRESIDENT BUSH: Final question, Mr. Prime
Minister. Would you --
Q: Mr. Prime Minister, I am a presenter
on radio in Iraq. My question is for you. For more than
two years we've started a change in Iraq, but the process
of building is very slow. There are secure cities in Iraq,
Samarra and Kurdistan. When will you begin the reconstruction
in Iraq? When do we begin to establish the first bases of
reconstruction? And you know that if you started reconstruction
in Iraq it will mean that young people will have something
to do, and they will leave terrorist activities. So the
question is for Mr. Prime Minister. There were discussions
held with the President Bush, and the most important thing
you discussed with him we want to know about it.
PRESIDENT BUSH: Sometimes we don't tell
you things, you know. (Laughter.) No, we discussed a lot
of important things. We discussed democracy, we discussed
having the constitution there, and we discussed security,
we discussed reconstruction.
We are spending reconstruction money, but,
you know, you need to ask that to the government. They're
in charge. It's your government, not ours. This is the government
that is -- that has got the ministries in place that spends
the money. We're willing to help, and we have helped. And
I want to thank the Congress and the American people for
their generosity in helping Iraq rebuild. And we're spending
But, remember, your question kind of made
it seem like -- that we're in charge. We're not. You had
elections; 8.5 million people voted, and this good man is
now in charge of the government. I don't want to be passing
the buck, as we say, but we're more than willing to help
reconstruction efforts, but this is a sovereign government
PRIME MINISTER JAAFARI: Thank you, very
PRESIDENT BUSH: -- with an elected Prime
Minister by the people of Iraq. And so we want to look forward
to working with the government. Our role is to help. His
role is to govern and lead. And we've got the money allocated.
Obviously, it's important to get electricity to the Iraqi
citizens and clean water to the Iraqi citizens. And, you
know, I was pleased to see the other day when I was reading
that there's a lot of air traffic in and out of the airport
now, quite a lot of air traffic. In other words, there's
commerce beginning to develop. We want to be helpful. But
the responsibility rests with the people who the Iraqi people
elected. And that's you, Mr. Prime Minister.
PRIME MINISTER JAAFARI: Thank you, Mr. President.
Of course, there were many points discussed with the President,
Mr. Bush, in our special meeting, and we talked about so
many facts. It was the first meeting between us, so we talked
directly about the democracy in Iraq and the constitution,
the achievement of the constitution, and we decided to continue
the case of security until everything is well established.
And at the same time, we thought that there
is a Marshall project after the Second World War that contributed
-- the U.S. contributed in that and in the Truman's government
when they presented assistance to the German people. German
people had selected Hitler in a democratic process that
had a 98 percent result, however, we are quite happy with
this hospitality of the U.S. So Germany was able to work.
The Iraqi people did not elect Saddam Hussein.
In fact, they suffered a lot from Saddam Hussein before
he attacked the geographical adjacent countries. He took
their money before he took the money of Kuwait. He occupied
Kuwait, in fact, as he did, and there is a lot of indications
to tell us that the Iraqi people are innocent of all that
had happened. They have to pay off their -- so many debts,
and we hope that all countries will stand beside us to correct
this unexceptional [sic] situation. They did not commit
any crime against any people, they are peaceful. But it
was Saddam Hussein who committed the crimes. And he brought
about so many debts and losses to the Iraqi people.
We look forward to the international community
to stand beside us, and we believe that this is a humanitarian
stance. And we hope that Mr. Bush will try to redo a Marshall
Plan, calling it the Bush Plan, to help Iraq, to help the
Iraqi people. And this would be a very wonderful step that
they stand beside us.
PRESIDENT BUSH: Thank you, Mr. Prime Minister.
Thank you all. Thank you.
END 12:04 P.M. EDT