Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice has
announced four significant organizational changes at the
State Department intended to enhance efforts to prevent
the spread of weapons of mass destruction and to position
the department for maximum effectiveness in support of President
Bush's mission to promote democracy.
Rice says the changes are part of the effort
to support the president's new direction for U.S. foreign
policy as the United States confronts changing security
threats and challenges. "Rather than deterring a single
state with a massive nuclear arsenal, we must defend ourselves
against shadowy networks of stateless enemies, some looking
to buy, others looking to sell the world's most dangerous
weapons," Rice said July 29 in Washington.
"To tackle these unprecedented challenges,
President Bush has set a new course for our nation, a bold
course of action befitting the changed nature of our world,"
the secretary said. "To meet these challenges, today
I am proposing four changes to begin bringing the State
Department into this new era."
Rice said she has notified Congress and
looks forward to working with the committees on Capitol
Hill to implement these reforms. Senate Foreign Relations
Chairman Richard G. Lugar joined Rice at the State Department
as she made the announcement.
"The changes that I have proposed and
will continue to work with Congress toward will enable the
men and women of the State Department to succeed in their
essential job of transformational diplomacy," she said.
The changes Rice announced include:
• Creation of the Bureau for International
Security and Nonproliferation. This new bureau will subsume
and replace the current Arms Control and Nonproliferation
bureaus. And the new bureau will take the lead in counterproliferation
and nonproliferation initiatives and negotiations. It will
also include a new office exclusively focused on thwarting
terrorist groups seeking to obtain weapons of mass destruction
– today’s greatest threat to national security.
• Strengthening the Bureau of Political-Military
Affairs. Additional personnel freed up by the merger of
Arms Control and Nonproliferation will be assigned to Political-Military
Affairs to work on urgent security issues such as loosely
secured global stocks of MANPADS (shoulder-fired anti-aircraft
rockets, which pose a threat to civilian as well as military
aircraft) and defense trade controls. The bureau is the
principal link between the Departments of State and Defense
and provides policy direction in the areas of international
security, security assistance, military operations, post-conflict
stabilization, and defense trade.
• An expanded mission for the Bureau of
Verification, Compliance and Implementation. It will assume
new, direct responsibility for the implementation of arms
control treaties that protect U.S. security, such as the
Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty, Intermediate-Range Nuclear
Forces, Open Skies, and other arms control treaties.
• Renaming the under
secretary for global affairs to be under secretary for democracy
and global affairs. This is designed to advance the president's
Freedom Agenda and institutionalize the promotion of democracy.
It will include establishing a new deputy assistant secretary
for democracy to streamline and centralize U.S. democracy
During her introductory remarks Rice said
that protecting the United States from dangerous biological,
chemical, nuclear and radiological weapons "requires
more than deterrence and arms control treaties." It
requires going on the offensive, she said, "against
outlaw scientists, black market arms dealers and rogue state
Following is a transcript of Rice's and
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE
Office of the Spokesman
July 29, 2005
Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice
With Senator Richard Lugar
On the U.S. Department of State and the Challenges of the
July 29, 2005
The Benjamin Franklin Room
(10:00 a.m. EDT)
SECRETARY RICE: Good morning. Thank you.
Distinguished guests, ladies and gentlemen, for half a century
the United States was locked in a comprehensive struggle
with the Soviet Union. That was America's foremost special
interest and our entire global presence, our doctrines,
our alliances and our institutions revolved around the central
mission of defeating global communism. We were able to prevail
in the Cold War because our government was structured to
meet the challenges of the day.
With the collapse of the Soviet Union, of
course, that threat is gone. But new events and trends have
reshaped the international landscape. Just how dramatically
our world was changed was brought home to America on September
11, 2001. On that tragic day we learned that the most serious
threats to our security now emerge within states not between
them. Rather than deterring a single state with a massive
nuclear arsenal, we must defend ourselves against shadowy
networks of stateless enemies, some looking to buy, others
looking to sell the world's most dangerous weapons.
To tackle these unprecedented challenges,
President Bush has set a new course for our nation, a bold
course of action befitting the changed nature of our world.
Today, protecting America from weapons of mass destruction
requires more than deterrence and arms control treaties.
We must also go on the offensive against outlaw scientists,
black market arms dealers and rogue state proliferators.
Securing America from terrorist attack is more than a matter
of law enforcement. We must also confront the ideology of
hatred in foreign societies by supporting the universal
hope of liberty and the inherent appeal of democracy.
To meet these challenges, today I am proposing
four changes to begin bringing the State Department into
this new era. I have notified the Congress and I look forward
to working with the committees on the Hill to implement
these crucial reforms.
First, we propose to merge two bureaus to
create the new bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation.
This bureau will contain a new office to focus exclusively
on the threat posed by terrorists seeking weapons of mass
Second, with the personnel freed up by this
merger, we plan to strengthen our Bureau of Political Military
Third, we intend to expand the mandate of
our Verification and Compliance Bureau and give it an appropriate
name, the Bureau of Verification, Compliance and Implementation.
And finally, as we work to combat new threats,
we must also strive to reach the unprecedented opportunities
In leading these changes on the nonproliferation
and security front, I look forward to the leadership of
Bob Joseph, the Under Secretary.
Now, in today's world, supporting the growth
of democratic ideals and institutions is not a luxury. It
is a vital national interest and the calling of our time.
And as President Bush has said, "The best hope for
peace in our world is the expansion of freedom in all the
Therefore, we are also making a change to
give our Under Secretary of State for Global Affairs the
more focused duty of promoting democracy with a new title:
the Under Secretary of State for Democracy and Global Affairs.
And I look forward to the leadership of Under Secretary
Paula Dobriansky in that regard.
To help this office meet its new mission,
the Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement
will now report to the Under Secretary for Political Affairs
so that there can be a new focus within the new Global and
The challenges of today's world demand much
of us. Reforming old habits and institutions is always difficult.
But the changes that I had proposed and will continue to
work with Congress toward will enable the men and women
of the State Department to succeed in their essential job
of transformational diplomacy. Institutions are not always
easy to change, but change they must. And we look forward
to the implementation of these changes and to working with
the personnel of these members of the State Department family
to make certain that America is indeed ready for the 21st
century threats and opportunities that we have.
Now, I'm really honored that joining us
today to talk about these changes is Senator Richard Lugar.
There is really no better ally and friend of American diplomacy
and no better ally and friend of the Department of State
than Senator Lugar.
Senator Lugar, thank you for your leadership.
Thank you for your counsel. And I'd like to invite you to
say a few words.
SENATOR LUGAR: Thank you very much.
SENATOR LUGAR: Secretary Rice, welcome back.
We are so grateful for your leadership and for your remarkable
diplomacy, and I thank you for your thoughtful introduction.
I am especially pleased and honored to be here today to
express my enthusiasm for transforming our government to
better deal with the threats that our country faces in the
war on terrorism and I support efforts to refocus Under
Secretary Dobriansky's bureau to promote democracy worldwide
with greater effectiveness. This has been a signal emphasis
of President Bush and his administration, for which he deserves
Secretary Rice, I am especially pleased
to celebrate with you the changes to the Arms Control and
International Security Bureaus and the new focus you have
proposed on counterproliferation, on counterterrorism and
threat reduction. These are important reforms that will
both streamline governmental action and provide greater
safety for all Americans.
With the passage of the Nunn-Lugar Cooperative
Threat Reduction Act in 1991, Congress committed our nation
to safeguarding and destroying materials and weapons of
mass destruction of the former Soviet Union. The Nunn-Lugar
Program has led to the destruction of thousands of missiles,
launchers, bombers, submarines, but a mountain of work is
left to be done. The program has shown its ability to tackle
threats beyond the former USSR as was evident when the Nunn-Lugar
funds were approved personally last year by Secretary Powell
and President Bush to destroy chemical weapons in Albania.
I am very pleased that the reorganization
of Arms Control and International Security Bureaus will
devote more resources to support Nunn-Lugar, the Proliferation
Security Initiative and many other programs designed to
protect America from the threats of the 9/11 world. We cannot
allow weapons and materials of mass destruction or their
means of delivery to fall into the hands of terrorists.
Secretary Rice's plan will create a new office to address
the nexus between weapons of mass destruction and terrorism.
And I am also pleased that this plan additionally devotes
resources toward other important security issues, such as
Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty and the Biological and Chemical
I commend this thoughtful effort to improve
the State Department's ability to address the most dangerous
threats our nation faces today. I welcome this plan. I look
forward enthusiastically to working with Secretary Rice
and the State Department to implement it. And I thank you
very much for including me in this ceremony.