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EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
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U.S. Engagement in the Western Hemisphere

U.S. committed to realizing the objectives of the Summits of the Americas

Posted: October 5, 2005

U.S. Engagement in the Western Hemisphere
Fact Sheet
Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs
Washington, DC
October 4, 2005
The United States, as an active partner in the Western Hemisphere, is committed to realizing the objectives of the Summits of the Americas – promoting democracy, prosperity, security and investing in people. The U.S. hosted the Organization of American States General Assembly in June 2005 in Ft. Lauderdale, Florida to focus on "Delivering the Benefits of Democracy," and will participate in the IV Summit of the Americas (November 4-5, 2005) in Mar del Plata, Argentina, where the heads of state will meet to discuss "Creating Jobs to Fight Poverty and Strengthen Democratic Governance."

The United States also participated in the Special Summit of the Americas in Monterrey, Mexico (January 12-13, 2004), the Quebec City Summit of the Americas (April 2001).

Following is a listing of new administration initiatives and activities that have had a major impact on the Western Hemisphere:

• Bolstered the Summit of the Americas process and talks to form a Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA). Introduced the Andean Regional Initiative; the Partnership for Prosperity with Mexico; the Third Border Initiative with the Caribbean; the Opportunity Alliance in Central America and Mexico.
• Issued the Commission Report to the President of the Commission for Assistance to a Free Cuba and began implementing the recommendations in the report to hasten the transition to democracy and a free-market economy. Secretary of State Rice appointed Caleb McCarry Cuba Transition Coordinator in July 2005.
• Worked with other Organization of American States (OAS) members to draft the Inter-American Democratic Charter along with 33 other states, supporting OAS initiatives to effectively implement the provisions of the Charter.
• Created the innovative Millennium Challenge Account (MCA), which links aid to policy performance. Three Western Hemisphere countries were declared eligible in MCA’s first year: Bolivia, Honduras, and Nicaragua.
• Signed a 5-year, $215 million MCA compact with Honduras on June 13, 2005 to improve road infrastructure and agricultural diversification and market access.
• Signed a 5-year, $175 million MCA compact with Nicaragua on July 14, 2005 to improve property rights, infrastructure and competitiveness of rural businesses in the Nicaraguan departments of León and Chinandega.
• Worked closely with the OAS and the UN to support elections in Haiti following massive popular unrest in 2004 which led to the resignation and exile of former President Jean Bertrand Aristide. Since 2004, the United States has spent $400 million to support peacekeeping operations and help Haiti’s Interim Government prepare for elections.
• Hosted representatives of Central American and Dominican Republic Diasporas in the United States for "CENDRUSA" Conference in Washington in April 2005, bringing a new dimension to policy dialogue on the potential benefits of the CAFTA accord.
• Hosted an ‘Andes in the U.S.A.’ (ANDUSA) Conference in Washington in April 2005 to expand the relationship between the United States and Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia and discuss on how free trade can strengthen economic ties and improve the livelihoods of the people of our region.
• Continued to participate in 2004 in the Secretary General’s Group Friends of Venezuela, established in January 2003 to support the efforts of the OAS Secretary General to advance a constitutional, democratic, peaceful and electoral solution to the political impasse in Venezuela, in accordance with OAS Permanent Council Resolution 833.
• Signed the Inter-American Convention against Terrorism and actively participated in its drafting. Also, U.S. financed OAS legislative drafting seminars in member states to encourage ratification and implementation.
• Announced the Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative in April 2005, a new passport requirement designed to expedite travel in the Western Hemisphere while enhancing security.
• Created the Security and Prosperity Partnership (SPP) with Canada and Mexico in March 2005 to implement common border security, enhance critical infrastructure protection, implement a common approach to emergency response, improve aviation and maritime security, combat transnational threats, enhance intelligence cooperation and ensure the smooth flow of people and commerce across North American borders.
• Improved U.S. security by signing and implementing bilateral border partnership agreements with Mexico and Canada.
• Representatives from 19 countries and six international organizations met at the State Department on January 16, 2004 to demonstrate support for the Bolivian government and economic growth and stability in Bolivia. Under Secretary Marc Grossman, Under Secretary John Taylor, Under Secretary Miguel Hakims and Secretary Powell attended this meeting of the Bolivia Support Group. Meetings in March and May followed.
• Announced the Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, a 5-year, $15 billion initiative to turn the tide in combating the global HIV/AIDS pandemic. This commitment of resources will help the most afflicted countries in Africa and the Caribbean wage and win the war against HIV/AIDS, extending and saving lives.
• Worked for adoption of the Declaration of Montevideo in January 2004, which commits OAS Member States to strengthening border and financial controls and enhances the mandate of the Inter-American Committee Against Terrorism (CICTE) to address threats to aviation and port security as well as cyber-security.
• On June 10, 2004, Nicaragua and the members of the G8 announced their intention to cooperate in a "Compact to Promote Transparency and Combat Corruption." Nicaragua and the G8 share the view that corruption is a threat to democratic institutions, economic development and to the integrity of the international system of trade and investment. Participating G8 countries intend to join in a voluntary and cooperative partnership with Nicaragua to help improve transparency in the specific areas identified as national priorities by the Government of Nicaragua.
• Expanded the Andean Trade Promotion and Drug Eradication Act (ATPDEA) and held an Andean Regional Trade and Investment Seminar, October 3-4, 2002 in Lima, Peru.
• Secured Trade Promotion Authority (TPA) shortly after being elected to office.
• Enhanced U.S. defense by establishing with Canada a military planning group to develop bi-national maritime, land and civil support contingency plans.
• Lobbied successfully for Commission on Human Rights’ adoption of a Honduran-tabled resolution criticizing Cuba’s continuing failure to comply with international human rights standards.
• Announced creation of the South Florida Security Zone, restricting pleasure boating to Cuba.
• Announced new policy to deny visas to Cubans who participated in the summary trials of the 75 dissidents arrested in the March 2003 crackdown.
• Adopted new policy to deny visas to work in the US to Cuban artists whose activities here financially benefit the Castro regime.
• Followed up with additional funding for CICTE to conduct port security training, provide technical assistance to comply with the post 9/11 security port security standards, and develop a vigorous airport security training program.
• Attorney General Ashcroft headed US delegation to OAS Meeting of Ministers of Justice and Attorneys General in Washington, DC.
• Secretary Powell chaired the 20th annual U.S.-Mexico Bi-national Commission (BNC) meeting, a cabinet-level review of bilateral relations on November 12, 2003.
• Increased U.S. support for the Government of Colombia’s unified campaign against terrorism and narcotics trafficking.
• Engaged with OAS member states in the elaboration of an inter-American strategy to combat threats to cyber security and provided support for cyber security meeting of experts hosted by Argentina in July 2003.
• Hosted the Miami Experts Meeting on Confidence and Security Building Measures in February 2003 that forged a practical roadmap for resolving interstate border tensions, lowering pressure for arms spending, promoting democratic norms, and fostering a climate of trust, transparency, and cooperation in the Hemisphere over the next decade.
• Received support from neighbors in Iraq: the Dominican Republic, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama each joined the Coalition. The Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua also deployed troops to post-conflict duty in Iraq.
• Secured 14 Article 98 agreements in the Hemisphere.
Contributed, along with Canada, to defense of North America through close collaboration in NORAD, in particular, the year-old Bi-national Planning Group devoted to continental defense.

Bilateral and Regional Trade Engagement

• The United States has led the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) negotiations process as Co-Chair (with Brazil) since 2002, working to bring about a comprehensive agreement that benefits all participating countries. The U.S. hosted an FTAA Ministerial in Miami November 20-21, 2003. In 2004, the U.S. Government contributed $233 million in trade-capacity building assistance in Latin America and the Caribbean.
• The U.S. and Chile completed negotiations for a U.S.-Chile Free Trade Agreement on December 2-6, 2002 in Washington, DC. In July 2003, both houses of Congress approved the agreement. President Bush signed implementing legislation on September 3, 2003, which took effect January 1, 2004. In 2004, U.S. exports to Chile increased by 33 percent compared to 2003 and U.S. imports from Chile increased nearly 28 percent.
• The U.S.-Central America and Dominican Republic Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR) was signed into law by President Bush on August 2, 2005, and as of September 2005 had been ratified by four of our six partner countries, with ratification by the remaining two expected in the near future.
• In May 2004, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia and the U.S. began negotiations on the U.S.-Andean Free Trade Agreement with Bolivia as an observer. The latest round of negotiations took place in September 2005 in Cartagena, Colombia.
• In April 2004 negotiations for a free trade agreement with Panama began. Eight negotiating rounds were held through February 2005. Both the United States and Panama have expressed a desire to resume FTA talks.
• President Bush and Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva agreed to launch a bilateral energy partnership to strengthen bilateral cooperation on energy modernization and new technologies required to promote economic growth and energy security. The Presidents also welcomed the formation of the bilateral Group for Growth, which will explore mechanisms to promote economic growth in both countries. The Group held its first meeting in Washington in August 2003.
• The U.S. Small Business Administration and the Brazilian Micro & Small Business Support Service have signed a letter of intent to cooperate on programs to help Small- and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs).
• The U.S. invited Peru to become the first Latin American country in the Digital Freedom Initiative, a program designed to promote economic growth through the transfer of information and communication technology to small businesses; announced at the APEC Leaders Meeting in October 2003.

Summit of the Americas Initiatives

• Participated in the Special Summit of the Americas in Monterrey, Mexico, January 12-13, 2004, to reinforce and strengthen the commitments made at the Quebec Summit.

Economic Growth with Equity to Reduce Poverty

• Led efforts to promote competition, eliminate unnecessary regulatory barriers, and encourage the adoption of new technologies to reduce the cost of sending remittances. According to the Inter-American Development Bank, the cost of sending remittances from the U.S. to Latin America has fallen from an average of 12% in 2003 to approximately 8% in 2004.
• The United States supports the ongoing strong efforts by the Inter-American Development Bank to meet the 2007 deadline for tripling credit through the private banking sector to small businesses.
• The U.S. supports and promotes bureaucratic reforms to reduce the time and cost of starting a business elsewhere in the Western Hemisphere. In the 22 Western Hemisphere countries (excluding Canada and the United States), the average time of starting a business has been reduced from 71 days in 2004 to 63 days in 2005. The U.S. sponsored a meeting in March 2005 in Paraguay to share country success stories in implementing reform.
• The U.S. launched the Inter-American E-Business Fellowship Program at the Quebec Summit to train Latin American and Caribbean information technology leaders on how to use e-business. The program recently has completed its third year, providing 7,000 hours of training.
• The U.S is working to create a hemispheric network of micro, small, and medium enterprise (SME) service providers to enhance the ability of small business to effectively participate and benefit from international trade opportunities. As part of this effort, the U.S. helped organize an "SME Congress of the Americas," which met in October 2004 in Chile to share best practices of public, private, and non-profit small business trade promotion.

Social Development

• The U.S. established three regional Centers for Excellence in Teacher Training (CETTs), in the Caribbean, Central America, and the Andean region. By the end of 2005, the United States will have invested almost $25 million to help educate and prepare students to take advantage of the new jobs that will come with new growth from free trade.
• Department of Labor funded initiatives have resulted in more than 109,000 children being removed from, or prevented from, the worst forms of child labor in the Americas since 1999. In 2004 alone, the Department of Labor’s financial commitment to child labor projects in the Americas amounted to nearly $22 million. An additional $16 million was provided in 2005 to continue to help countries combat hazardous child labor in agricultural and industrial sectors and to support child labor education initiatives.
• Since 2001, the Department of Labor has provided more than $151 million for initiatives aimed at strengthening the rule of labor law and building efficient and responsive labor markets, and addressing the impact of HIV/AIDS in the workplace.
• President George W. Bush announced the American Fellows Program at the Quebec Summit, in order to promote excellence in government through the exchange of government personnel. As of March 2006, 49 Fellows from Latin America and the Caribbean have been placed in federal, state, and county agencies in the United States and 11 Fellows from the United States have been placed in host agencies in the Western Hemisphere.
• The State Department’s Ambassador’s Fund for Cultural Preservation program supports preservation projects for endangered objects, sites, and forms of traditional expression. Since 2001, it has provided more than $1.2 million to support initiatives in 21 countries in the region. The U.S. has also signed cultural property protection agreements with Canada, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Peru and Bolivia.
• Since the Quebec Summit of the Americas, the U.S. has concluded agreements with El Salvador, Belize, Peru, Panama, and Colombia under the Tropical Forest Conservation Act. These agreements provide $62.4 million in debt relief and generate $53.6 million for conservation activities over the life of the accords.
• In September 2002, the first hemisphere-wide Conference on Corporate Social Responsibility in Miami brought together hundreds of government officials, business leaders, and civil society organizations to explore ways to improve cooperation and stimulate corporate activity in support of social development.
• Through the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, the Global Fund to Fight HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, and bilateral initiatives, the U.S. has devoted $236 million over the last two years in Latin America and the Caribbean to fight HIV/AIDS. About 640,000 individuals living with the disease in this region are now receiving anti-retroviral therapy (ART), exceeding the Nuevo Leon Summit goal of treating 600,000 by November 2005.
• Helped spearhead the Western Hemisphere Migratory Species Conference, which brought together representatives from 25 countries and over 40 international conservation groups and stakeholders in Oct. 2003 in Chile. For 2004, the U.S. gave $3.8 million in grants for 21 Western Hemisphere countries and U.S. states for migratory bird conservation.

Democratic Governance

• Participated in the drafting of the Inter-American Democratic Charter, signed in Lima on September 11, 2001. At the U.S.-hosted OAS General Assembly we worked actively with our hemispheric partners on the Declaration of Florida, which calls for a strengthened role for the OAS Secretary General to propose timely application of the Charter and other initiatives to enhance democratic governance in the hemisphere.
• Thirty-one countries have ratified the Inter-American Convention against Corruption, the first internationally binding convention to focus on corruption. Twenty-eight countries are participating in a Follow-up Mechanism that seeks to ensure compliance with the Convention.
• Committed to a Denial of Safe Haven policy, President Bush signed Presidential Proclamation 7750 in January 2004, making certain corrupt foreign officials, those who corrupt them, and their dependents ineligible for U.S. visas.
• Committed to strengthening civil society engagement with local and national governments and with the Inter-American system, the United States – through the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) -- has given more than $6 million since 2000 to develop and support the Inter-American Democracy Network (RID) which links 400 local civil society organizations across the hemisphere, fostering partnerships and promoting citizen participation in public decision-making. In 2004, USAID gave $200,000 to the OAS Summits of the Americas Secretariat to strengthen civil society participation in the OAS General Assembly and Summit process.

Security

• The U.S. co-sponsored a major hemispheric conference on disaster risk reduction in December 2001 that brought together disaster relief experts, members of civil society, insurance companies, and government agencies and donors. In this unprecedented meeting, participants created a plan for mitigating the impacts of natural hazards and improving reconstruction efforts.
• In late March 2002, the U.S. and Central American countries reached final agreement on the six action plans of the Central America-United States Joint Accord (CONCAUSA).
Participated in the October 2003 Special Conference on Security where the "Declaration on Security in the Americas" was finalized.

Participation by President Bush and his Secretaries of State in Inter-American System Activities

President Bush:

8/02/05: Signed Central American-Dominican Republic Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR)


6/05: Addressed Organization of American States General Assembly in Ft. Lauderdale, Florida


5/06/04: Released the report of the Commission for Assistance to a Free Cuba


1/12-1/13/04: Participated in Special Summit of the Americas, Monterrey, Mexico


3/14/02: Inter-American Development Bank announces U.S. commitment to fighting poverty with the Millennium Challenge Account, Washington, DC.


1/16/02: World Affairs Council National Conference, Washington, DC.


4/20-22/01: Participated in Summit of the Americas, Quebec City, Quebec.


4/17/01: OAS Protocolary Session, presents vision for addressing Western Hemisphere issues, Washington, DC.

Secretary Rice:

9/27/05: Visited Haiti to underscore U.S. support for Haiti’s elections and an ongoing process of political and economic reform.

7/28/05: Appointed Caleb McCarry Cuba Transition Coordinator

7/14/05: Remarks at signing ceremony for Millennium Challenge Account Compact with the Republic of Nicaragua

6/13/05: Remarks at signing ceremony for Millennium Challenge Account Compact with Honduras

6/05: Hosted the Organization of American States 2005 General Assembly in Ft. Lauderdale, Florida.

4/05: Travel to Brazil, Chile, Colombia and El Salvador. On her visit to Chile, Secretary Rice headed the U.S. delegation to the Community of Democracies Ministerial Meeting.

3/05: Visit to Mexico

Secretary Powell:

1/10/05: Meets with Brazilian Youth Ambassadors

12/04: Visit to Haiti

11/04: Visit to Canada

11/04: Visit to Chile for meetings of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum and bilateral meetings in Santiago.

11/04: Visit to Mexico to attend the Mexico Bi-National Commission meeting.

10/04: Visit to Brazil and Grenada

8/04: Visit to Panama to lead the Presidential Delegation to the inauguration of President Martin Torrijos.

6/07/04: 34th Annual OAS General Assembly in Quito, Ecuador. [Remarks]

4/05/04: Visit to Haiti to meet with representatives of Haiti’s interim government.

1/14/04: Bolivia Support Group Meeting, Washington, DC.

6/09/03: 33rd Annual OAS General Assembly in Santiago, Chile. [Remarks]

9/30/02: Ceremony to celebrate the proposals on the Belize-Guatemala Differendum draft proposals on border dispute. [Remarks]

6/3/02: Remarks at the 32nd OAS General Assembly and follow-up session remarks in Barbados.

4/17/02: OAS Special General Assembly on Venezuela, Washington, DC.

1/28/02: Reception at the Department of State, Washington, DC, (hosted by the Secretary) during the ministerial meeting of OAS 2nd Regular session of Inter-American Committee Against Terrorism (CICTE).

9/21/01: 24th Meeting of Consultation of Foreign Ministers a formal acknowledgement of reciprocal assistance to maintain hemispheric peace and security, OAS, Washington, DC.

9/21/01: 23rd Meeting of Consultation of Foreign Ministers which called for solidarity regarding 9/11 attacks and the need for an Inter-American Committee Against Terrorism, OAS in Washington, DC.

9/21/01: Secretary Powell Remarks to the Special Session of the Organization of American States.

9/11/01: Statement at the OAS Special General Assembly on Inter-American Democratic Charter in Lima, Peru. [Additional remarks]

2005 Travel to the Western Hemisphere by Senior Administration Officials and Visits by Western Hemisphere Heads of State to the White House

10/05: Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador – Secretary of Commerce Carlos Gutierrez

10/05: Guatemala, Nicaragua and Brazil - Deputy Secretary of State Robert Zoellick

9/27/05: Haiti – Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice

9/05: Mexico – Secretary of Labor Elaine Chao and U.S. Representative to the OAS Ambassador John Maisto attend Labor Ministerial in Mexico City

8/05: Brazil -- Secretary of Treasury John Snow, Treasury Acting Assistant Secretary for Terrorism Finance Issues for Daniel Glazer, and Assistant Secretary of State for Verification and Compliance Paula DeSutter

8/05: Peru — Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld

8/05: Colombia – President Uribe welcomed by President Bush to Crawford, Texas

8/05: Colombia – Attorney General Alberto Gonzales

7/05: El Salvador – President Saca welcomed by President Bush at the White House

7/05: Colombia – Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs Nicholas Burns

6/05: OAS General Assembly, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida – President Bush, Secretary of State Rice

5/12/05: President Bush welcomed President Abel Pacheco of Costa Rica, President Leonel Fernandez of the Dominican Republic, President Elias Antonio Saca of El Salvador, President Oscar Berger of Guatemala, President Ricardo Maduro of Honduras, and President Enrique Bolanos of Nicaragua to the White House

5/05: Colombia -- Under Secretary of Defense Douglas Feith

4/05: Chile -- Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice to Santiago for Community of Democracies Summit
4/05: Brasilia, Brazil -- Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice

4/05: Brazil -- Assistant Secretary of State for Arms Control Stephen Rademaker

4/05: Colombia – Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice to Bogotá

4/05: El Salvador -- Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice
3/05: Mexico -- Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice visits Mexico City

3/05: Guatemala, Brazil and Argentina – Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld

2/05: Colombia – Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs Marc Grossman

2004 Travel to the Western Hemisphere by Senior Administration Officials and Visits by Western Hemisphere Heads of State to the White House

12/04: Haiti – Secretary of State Colin Powell

11/04: Panama – Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld
11/04: Canada – President Bush and Secretary of State Colin Powell
11/04: Colombia – President Bush and Secretary of State Powell visit President Uribe in Cartagena
11/04: Chile – President Bush and Secretary of State Powell attend 12th Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Leaders' Meeting in Santiago and meet with Chilean President Lagos
11/04: Mexico -- Secretary of State Colin Powell

10/04: Brazil – Secretary of State Colin Powell
10/04: Grenada -- Secretary of State Colin Powell
10/04: Ecuador -- Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld

9/04: Peru -- President Toledo visits Washington, D.C., opens the National Museum of the American Indian

8/04: Colombia -- Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs Marc Grossman
8/04: Colombia, Peru and Bolivia – Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs Roger Noriega
8/04: Panama -- Secretary of State Colin Powell

7/04: Brazil -- Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs Alan Larson

6/04: Mexico – Secretary of Commerce Evans attends Guadalajara Partnership for Prosperity Workshop
6/04: Mexico – Environmental Protection Agency\ Administrator Leavitt to CEC Meeting in Puebla
6/04: Brazil, Ecuador, Peru – U.S. Trade Representative Robert Zoellick
6/04: Brazil, Ecuador, El Salvador, Colombia -- SOUTHCOM General Hill
6/04: Ecuador -- U.S. Representative to the OAS Ambassador John Maisto
6/04: Ecuador -- Assistant Secretary of State Roger Noriega
6/04: Ecuador, Peru -- U.S. Peace Corps Director Gaddi Vasquez
6/04: Argentina -- U.S. Representative to the OAS Ambassador John Maisto

5/04: Paraguay -- Under Secretary of Commerce for International Trade Grant Aldonas
5/04: Brazil -- Under Secretary of Commerce for International Trade Grant Aldonas
5/04: Chile -- Assistant Secretary Lincoln Bloomfield
5/04: El Salvador -- Secretary of Commerce Evans attends inauguration of President Elias Antonio Saca
5/04: El Salvador -- President Francisco Flores welcomed by President Bush to the White House
5/04: Costa Rica -- Secretary of Agriculture Ann Veneman attends Foreign Agriculture Service Ministerial
5/04: Brazil -- Assistant Secretary of State for Political-Military Affairs Lincoln Bloomfield
5/04: Trinidad and Tobago, Barbados and Antigua and Barbuda -- U.S. OAS Ambassador Maisto

4/04: Haiti -- Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs Roger Noriega
4/04: Mexico -- Small Business Administrator Hector Barreto
4/04: Colombia – Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs Marc Grossman
4/04: Colombia -- USAID Assistant Administrator Frederick Schieck
4/04: Canada -- Prime Minister Paul Martin visited President Bush in Washington
4/04: Costa Rica -- Assistant Secretary of State for Educational and Cultural Affairs Patricia Harrison
4/04: Brazil -- Assistant Secretary John Wolf
4/04: Brazil -- Under Secretary of Treasury John Taylor
4/04: Brazil -- Energy Secretary Abraham to Rio de Janeiro and Brasilia
4/04: Bahamas -- NORTHCOM General Eberhart visits Turks and Caicos

3/04: Canada -- Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs Roger Noriega
3/04: Colombia -- President Uribe visits Washington
3/04: Colombia -- Assistant Secretary Dewey
3/04: Mexico -- President Fox meets with President Bush at Crawford, Texas
3/04: Paraguay – Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General Richard Myers,
3/04: Paraguay -- Special Envoy for Western Hemisphere Initiatives Otto J. Reich
3/04: Argentina -- Special Envoy for Western Hemisphere Initiatives Otto J. Reich

2/04: Mexico -- Department of Homeland Security Secretary Tom Ridge
2/04: El Salvador -- Commandant of the U.S. Coast Guard Admiral Thomas Collins
2/04: Costa Rica -- Commandant of the U.S. Coast Guard Admiral Thomas Collins
2/04: El Salvador -- Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs Roger Noriega
2/04: Costa Rica -- U.S. Trade Representative Robert Zoellick to Cairns meeting group
2/04: El Salvador -- U.S. Ambassador to the UN Commission on the Status of Women Ellen Sauerbrey
2/04: Honduras -- U.S. Ambassador to the UN Commission on the Status of Women Ellen Sauerbrey
2/04: Nicaragua -- U.S. Ambassador to the UN Commission on the Status of Women Ellen Sauerbrey
2/04: Honduras -- NASA Administrator Sean O’Keefe
2/04: Brazil -- NASA Administrator Sean O'Keefe
2/04: Haiti -- Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs Roger Noriega
2/04: Brazil -- Under Secretary of State Marc Grossman to Sao Paulo and Brasilia
2/04: Guatemala -- Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs Roger Noriega

1/04: Argentina -- Coordinator for Counter Terrorism Ambassador Cofer Black
1/04: El Salvador -- President-elect Elias Antonia Saca visits Washington
1/04: Costa Rica -- Assistant Secretary for Consular Affairs Maura Harty
1/04: Brazil -- Assistant Secretary of State for International Organizations Kim Holmes to Rio and Brasilia
1/04: Colombia – President Uribe, Vice President Santos and Foreign Minister Barco visit Washington
1/04: Uruguay -- U.S. Representative to the OAS Ambassador John Maisto
1/04: Uruguay -- Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs Roger Noriega
1/04: Uruguay -- U.S. Coordinator for Counterterrorism Ambassador Cofer Black
1/04: Bahamas -- Assistant Secretary for Diplomatic Security Francis Taylor
1/04: Bahamas -- U.S. Representative to the U.N. Economic and Social Council Ambassador Siv
1/04: Mexico -- Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs Roger Noriega attends the Special Summit of the Americas in Monterrey

2003 Travel to the Western Hemisphere by Senior Administration Officials and Visits by Western Hemisphere Heads of State to the White House

12/03: Mexico -- Attorney General John Ashcroft to Merida for signing of UN Convention on Corruption
12/03: Dominican Republic -- Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs Roger Noriega
12/03: Colombia -- Under Secretary for Global Affairs Paula Dobriansky
12/03: Ecuador – Special Envoy for Western Hemisphere Initiatives Otto J. Reich

11/03: Mexico – Director of the Office of Personnel and Management Kay Coles James for 5th Global Forum on Reinventing Government
11/03: Colombia -- Special Envoy for Western Hemisphere Initiatives Otto J. Reich
11/03: Peru -- Assistant Secretary of State for Arms Control Stephen Rademaker
11/03 Panama -- Under Secretary for Global Affairs Paula Dobriansky
11/03: El Salvador -- United States Trade Representative Robert Zoellick
11/03: Costa Rica -- United States Trade Representative Robert Zoellick
11/03: Nicaragua-- United States Trade Representative Robert Zoellick
11/03: Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama -- Secretary of State Colin Powell, Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs Roger Noriega, and U.S. Permanent Representative to the OAS Ambassador John Maisto
11/03: Brazil -- Deputy United States Trade Representative Peter Allgeier
11/03: Bahamas -- Assistant Secretary for Arms Control Steve Rademaker visits Nassau

10/03: Canada -- Secretary of Energy Spencer Abraham
10/03: Canada -- Homeland Security Secretary Thomas Ridge
10/03: Canada -- Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs Noriega
10/03: Mexico -- Under Secretary for Political Affairs Marc Grossman and Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs Roger Noriega attend the Special Conference on Security
10/03 Mexico -- Secretary of Treasury John Snow visits for G-20 financial ministers meeting
10/03: Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay -- Deputy United States Trade Representative Peter Allgeier

9/26: Paraguay -- President Bush welcomes Paraguayan President Nicanor Duarte Frutos in Washington
9/03: Canada -- Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs Roger Noriega
9/03: Canada -- Under Secretary of State John Bolton
9/03 Mexico -- Director of White House of Intergovernmental Affairs, Ruben Barrales, visits for conference on Decentralization and Local Government
9/03: Mexico -- Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General Myers
9/03: Bolivia -- Special Envoy for Western Hemisphere Initiatives Otto J. Reich and USAID Assistant Administrator for Latin America and the Caribbean Adolfo Franco
9/03: Colombia -- Assistant Secretary of State Stephen Rademaker

8/03: Argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay -- Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs Roger Noriega
8/03: Nicaragua -- Assistant Secretary of State for the Bureau of Political-Military Affairs Lincoln Bloomfield visits Managua to participate in a Central American regional disarmament summit
8/03: Brazil -- Deputy United States Trade Representative Peter Allgeier
8/03: Colombia -- Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Mel Martinez
8/03: Colombia -- State Department Coordinator for Counterterrorism Cofer Black
8/03: Colombia and Honduras -- Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld
8/03: Colombia -- United States Trade Representative Robert Zoellick to Colombia
8/03: Mexico – Secretary of Education Rod Paige attends Inter-American Education Ministerial

7/03-08/03: Colombia, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Honduras and the Dominican Republic--Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General Myers
7/03: Colombia -- Under Secretary for Political Affairs Marc Grossman
7/03: Jamaica -- United States Trade Representative Robert Zoellick
7/03: Argentina -- President Bush welcomed President Nestor Kirchner in Washington
7/03: Panama -- President Bush welcomed President Mireya Moscoso of Panama in Washington
7/03: Canada -- Secretary of the Department of Energy Spencer Abraham, Assistant Secretary of Energy Vickey Bailey, USAID Administrator Andrew Natsios, Associate Justice Stephen Breyer, Commissioner U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Jeffrey Merryfield, and Office of National Drug Control Policy Deputy Director Barry Crane

6/03: Canada -- GSA Administrator Stephen Perry
6/03: Canada -- Assistant Secretary for Economic and Business Affairs E. Anthony Wayne
6/03: Brazil -- Under Secretary for Farm and Foreign Agricultural Services J.B. Penn
6/03: Brazil -- Under Secretary for Technology Philip Bond (Commerce)
6/03: Chile -- United States Trade Representative Robert Zoellick (U.S.-Chile FTA signing in Miami, FL)
6/03: Brazil -- Lula-Bush Summit, Washington, DC
6/03: Chile and Argentina -- Secretary of State Colin Powell and Acting Assistant Secretary for Western Hemisphere Affairs J. Curtis Struble (OAS General Assembly and meeting with President Nestor Kirchner of Argentina)
6/03: Chile -- Under Secretary of State for Global Affairs Paula Dobriansky
6/03 Mexico -- Secretary of Treasury John Snow
6/03: Canada – Director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy General Walters heads U.S. delegation to 34th Regular Session of the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission in Montreal

5/03: Canada -- NOAA Administrator Admiral Conrad Lautenbacher
5/03: Venezuela -- Acting Assistant Secretary of State J. Curtis Struble
5/03: Dominican Republic -- President Bush welcomes President Mejia in Washington
5/03: Brazil -- United States Trade Representative Robert Zoellick
5/03: Colombia -- President Bush welcomes President Alvaro Uribe in Washington
5/03: Argentina -- Secretary for Housing and Urban Development (HUD) Mel Martinez
5/03: Caribbean -- Assistant Secretary of State for Arms Control Stephen Rademaker visits Kingstown, St. Vincent and the Grenadines to meet with CARICOM Foreign Ministers

4/03: Honduras -- Secretary of State Colin Powell welcomed President Ricardo Maduro in Washington
4/03: Central America -- President Bush welcomed the 5 CAFTA Presidents Abel Pacheco (Costa Rica), Francisco Flores (El Salvador), Alfonso Portillo (Guatemala), Ricardo Maduro (Honduras), and Enrique Bolanos (Nicaragua) in Washington
4/03: Brazil, Ecuador, and Colombia -- Secretary of Treasury John Snow
04/03: Caribbean -- Special Envoy for Western Hemisphere Initiatives Otto J. Reich visits St. John's, Antigua, and Bridgetown, Barbados

3/03: Colombia -- Under Secretary for Political Affairs Marc Grossman
3/03: Haiti -- Special Envoy for Western Hemisphere Initiatives Otto J. Reich to Port-au-Prince with OAS/CARICOM high-level delegation for follow-up on OAS Resolution 822

2/03: Nicaragua--President Bush welcomed President Enrique Bolanos in Washington
2/03: Trinidad and Tobago/Caribbean -- Special Envoy for Western Hemisphere Initiatives Otto J. Reich visited Port of Spain to meet with regional leaders
2/03: Ecuador -- President Bush welcomed President Lucio Gutierrez in Washington

1/03: Chile -- Under Secretary for Global Affairs Paula Dobriansky
1/03: Venezuela -- Acting Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs J. Curtis Struble attended inaugural meeting of the Group of Friends Senior Representatives
1/03: Brazil -- United States Trade Representative Robert Zoellick attends inauguration of President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva
1/03: El Salvador -- U.S. Customs Service Commissioner Robert Bonner leads U.S. delegation to the Third Regular Session of the Inter-American Committee Against Terrorism (CICTE)

2002 Travel to the Western Hemisphere by Senior Administration Officials and Visits by Western Hemisphere Heads of State to the White House

12/02: Canada -- Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs Marc Grossman
12/02: Colombia -- Secretary of State Colin Powell
12/02: Mexico -- Director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy John Walters attends Inter-American Drug Control Abuse Commission proceedings
12/02: Chile, Ecuador, Colombia and Peru -- Secretary of Commerce Don Evans
12/02: Argentina/Tri-border Area -- State Department Coordinator for Counterterrorism Cofer Black and Assistant Secretary for the Bureau of Diplomatic Security and Director of the Office of Foreign Missions Francis Taylor visit Argentina and the Tri-border area

11/02: Bolivia and Ecuador -- United States Trade Representative Robert Zoellick meets with The Cairns Group (15 agricultural-exporting countries formed in 1986) and FTAA Ministerial (Free Trade Area of the Americas)
11/02: Canada -- Secretary of State Colin Powell meets Foreign Minister Graham in Ottawa
11/02: Mexico -- Secretary of State Colin Powell leads U.S. delegation including Attorney General Richard Ashcroft; Secretary of Education Dr. Roderick Paige; Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Mel Martinez; Secretary of the Interior Gale Norton and Environmental Protection Administration Administrator Christine Todd Whitman (Annual U.S.-Mexico Bi-National Commission meeting)
11/02: Mexico -- President Bush participates in the inauguration of the Bi-national Committee meeting with President Vicente Fox (via videotape)
11/02: Brazil -- Under Secretary for Economic, Business and Agricultural Affairs Alan Larson Deputy; United States Trade Representative Peter Allegier; Deputy Secretary of the Treasury Kenneth Dam; and Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs Otto Reich
11/02: Chile -- Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld attends Defense Ministerial of the Americas

10/02: Chile and Bolivia -- Assistant Secretary for Western Hemisphere Affairs Otto Reich
10/02: Mexico -- President Bush, Secretary Colin Powell, Assistant Secretary for Western Hemisphere Affairs Otto Reich, and United States Trade Representative Robert Zoellick (Asia-Pacific Economic Corporation, APEC)

9/02: Canada – President Bush and Homeland Security Advisor Governor Tom Ridge meet with Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chretien and Deputy Prime Minister John Manley in Detroit on border issues
9/02: Venezuela -- Under Secretary for Economic, Business and Agricultural Affairs Alan Larson

8/02: Brazil and Chile -- Department of State Policy Planning Director Richard Haass
8/02: Honduras and Nicaragua -- Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs Otto Reich supporting governments' efforts to combat corruption
8/02: Colombia -- United States Trade Representative Robert Zoellick; Assistant Secretary for Western Hemisphere Affairs Otto Reich for inauguration of President Alvaro Uribe
8/02: Colombia -- Under Secretary for Political Affairs Marc Grossman
8/02: Bolivia – Director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy John Walters attends inauguration of President Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada

7/02: Brazil, Argentina, and Uruguay -- Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs Otto Reich
7/02: Brazil, Argentina, and Uruguay -- Secretary of Treasury Paul O’Neill

6/02: Canada -- President Bush and Secretary of State Colin Powell attend the G-8 Summit
6/02: Barbados -- Secretary Colin Powell attends the OAS General Assembly

3/02: Mexico -- President Bush and Secretary Powell attend UN Financing Development Conference in Monterrey, CA. Millennium Fund announced
3/02: Peru – President Bush, Secretary of State Colin Powell, and Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs Otto Reich promote trade initiatives in Peru and Western Hemisphere
3/02: El Salvador -- President Bush, Secretary of State Colin Powell, Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs Reich, and National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice announce CAFTA (Central America Free Trade Agreement) negotiations
3/02: Brazil -- Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs Marc Grossman
3/02: Brazil -- United States Trade Representative Robert Zoellick

2/02: Bahamas--Secretary of State Colin Powell attends Caribbean Common Market (CARICOM) Bridgetown Summit follow-on; regarding the Third Border Initiative, Haiti, and U.S.-Caribbean after 9/11/01

1/02: Colombia -- Under Secretary for Political Affairs Marc Grossman
1/02: Honduras -- Secretary of the Interior Gale Norton and Assistant Secretary for Western Hemisphere Affairs Otto Reich attend inauguration of President Ricardo Maduro


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